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A commodity market is a market that trades in the primary economic sector rather than manufactured products, such as cocoa, fruit and sugar. Hard commodities are mined, such as gold and oil. Futures contracts are the oldest way of investing in commodities.
Most transactions in commodity markets are for insurance against exchange rate risks. In today's global market, most manufacturers buy raw materials abroad, and the threshold for the profitability of their production often depends on the exchange rate.
Therefore, at a commodity exchange, they buy raw materials that have not yet been mined at the price agreed now, given the possible change in the value of money.
The largest investment market in the world. In the stock markets, investors have the opportunity to absolutely transparently buy stocks of large and developing companies, bonds, as well as earn on changing the value of stock indices.
The advantage of buying assets in the stock markets is the safety and reliability of the asset, since all companies selling their securities on the open market undergo a thorough verification process, providing the most detailed information about their financial condition. The guarantor of the reliability and reliability of this information are stock exchanges.
Forex markets (FOREX)
FOREX (short for Foreign Exchange) is a currency exchange. The forex market is primarily considered the international currency market - the largest and most active financial market in the world. The daily turnover on it exceeds $ 5 trillion. This is more than the turnover of all national stock markets combined.
Types of contracts
The contract, at the conclusion of which the buyer agrees to buy, and the seller agrees to sell the goods specified in the contract at a predetermined price and at a specified time.
Futures are mainly used on commodity exchanges for insurance (hedging) of currency risks. Futures involves the delivery of goods to the buyer, and also, at the time of completion, enables its holder to earn on the difference between the opening and closing prices of the contract.
A contract, the meaning of which is also insurance against currency risks.
The option is concluded at the current market price, guaranteeing the seller’s obligation to sell the goods at the agreed time at the transaction opening price, but giving the buyer the right to refuse the purchase if the market price has changed too much in relation to the value agreed in the contract, while paying the seller compensation.
As a rule - 5-20% of the contract amount.
CFD (contract for different / contract for a difference in value) appeared as an alternative to a futures contract relatively recently, making it possible to trade exchange assets available to everyone who wants to engage in trading. CFDs have been most widely used by over-the-counter brokers because, unlike futures, they do not require real goods and can be traded on absolutely any exchange asset (goods, raw materials, stocks, bonds, stock indices).
Let's start with what stocks are. The term shares can be defined as securities that give their owner the right to part of the ownership of a company or enterprise and receive a share of the profit in the form of dividends. When you buy shares, you can say you are buying a part of the company.
Also, shares can be divided into two categories: common and preferred. Ordinary ones give you the right to participate in the management of the company and participate in the sharing of the profits of the joint stock company.